10 Herbs for Healthy Breast Milk Production

September 9, 2013

Women’s bodies have an incredible ability to make babies and breast milk. As a Lactation Educator and Counselor, I am often asked about ways to help increase breast milk supply. Herbs, like other plants we eat, nourish a mama’s body as it makes nourishment for her baby. Herbal galactagogues (Greek for ‘milk flow’) are nature’s gifts to lactating women, and have been used for centuries to help increase milk supply.

Anise seed. A culinary spice and a digestive herb that helps dispel gas and relieve indigestion and nausea as well as increase milk flow.

Blessed Thistle. A bitter tasting tonic herb that is often used in galactagogue teas and tinctures. The bitters stimulate the secretion of saliva and gastric juices. There is also much historical evidence that it helps increase breast milk. Blessed Thistle is a uterine stimulant and should not be consumed during pregnancy.

Chaste Tree. Historically used to treat everything from hangovers to flatulence and fevers to low breast milk production. It has also been studied for reducing the symptoms of PMS and menopause.

Goat’s Rue. Recommended by the German commission E for its use as a galactagogue. Its galactagogue properties were first noted to effectively increase milk in goats. It is used by nursing mothers, as well as by farmers to increase milk production in their livestock. It grows so aggressively that it is now classified as a noxious weed. Goat’s Rue should not be confused with Rue, which is used in primitive cultures as a powerful uterine stimulant and abortifacient.

Fennel seed. Shown to increase milk production in goats and has long been used as a galactagogue by breastfeeding women. This licorice-tasting herb is also used as a digestive aid that can help to soothe a colicky breastfed baby and ease postpartum discomfort. It is contraindicated during pregnancy.

Fenugreek seed. One of the herbs most often used to help increase breast milk supply. Its sweet/spicy flavor is popularly used in a variety of culinary dishes, including Indian curry. It is used to help soothe digestion and is well documented to effectively decrease cholesterol and blood sugar as well as increasing breast milk supply. It is generally recognized as safe, although because of its ability to stimulate the uterus, it is not for use during pregnancy.

Milk Thistle. This marvelous little seed has recently been shown to interfere with the promotion and progression of prostate, breast and endocervical tumor cells. A very recent study documented that women using milk thistle had significant increase in breast milk over the population using a placebo.

Nettle leaf. A deliciously nutritive leafy green vegetable that contains easily digestible iron, calcium, vitamin K, and folic acid, and is a wonderful pregnancy tonic. Since breastfeeding can cause a woman to lose approximately half the iron that she does during a regular menstrual cycle, iron-rich foods are important. Traditional wisdom supports Nettle’s safe use during lactation to increase breast milk as well as for providing nutritive support for the nursing mother.

Oats. Often used for their emollient properties to help soothe dry, itching skin. They are also a very nutritive herb, high in calcium, protein, and fiber. Oats has been used for a wide variety of conditions, including reducing cholesterol and reducing anxiety or restlessness. Oats are considered good support for general weakness and are often helpful in restoring vigor and strength during convalescence, making oats and oatmeal a good supportive herb to nourish lactating women.

Red Raspberry leaf. Though not a traditional galactagogue, it is a richly nutritive uterine tonic herb, high in minerals that are helpful for good milk production and useful to strengthen postpartum and breastfeeding women.

The information about the use of herbs is not meant to be a substitute for seeking the advice of a qualified health care provider. Always consult your health care provider about the use of herbs, especially during pregnancy, when nursing a baby or with children. Source: Earth Mama Angel Baby.

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  • Reply Tracy September 28, 2013 at 10:40 am

    I’m a mommy of three and only used the fenugreek. Which would you recommend as the “most/more effective” herbal supplement to aide in the boost of milk production?

    • Reply Natureal Mom September 28, 2013 at 11:22 am

      I have found a combination of herbs to be most effective. However, drinking lactation teas that are highly marketed are generally too weak to make much of a difference. You would have to drink a whole lot of tea! I’ve seen good results with Motherlove Herbal Company’s “More Milk Plus” product. It contains a concentrate of fenugreek, blessed thistle, nettle and fennel. My IBCLC recommended taking 1/2 teaspoon (2 ml) 3 times per day.

      • Reply Tracy September 28, 2013 at 2:49 pm

        Thanks for your reply, I will experiment!

  • Reply Destiny Cifers August 3, 2015 at 9:47 am

    When should I start taking fenugreek? I know you aren’t supposed to take it during pregnancy but what about at 39 weeks? I have to have csections and that is when they do my csections. I just have had low milk production woth both of my previous babies and want to have a good start.

    • Reply Natureal Mom August 3, 2015 at 9:39 pm

      Hi Destiny, I’m not able to give you advice regarding taking herbal galactagogues during pregnancy, but encourage you to speak with an IBCLC (International Board-Certified Lactation Consultant) who can review your history and help you get off to a good start! You can find one at or I am happy to help you find one in your area.

  • Reply Erin August 3, 2015 at 9:23 pm

    Please note that Fenugreek is not recommended for people with blood sugar problem sor insulin resistance and can interfere with the uptake of any medications the mom is currently taking. For example, if the mother is taking a thyroid medication her fenugreek supplement may interfere with that medication being able to work and as we know thyroid health is critical to milk suppl. So in many cases fenugreek could actually decrease a woman’s milk supply.

    • Reply Natureal Mom August 3, 2015 at 9:30 pm

      Thanks Erin, that is absolutely correct! It is very important to consult a health care provider or lactation consultant about the use of herbal galactagogues and/or medication, especially during pregnancy or when breastfeeding. Thanks so much for sharing!

  • Reply Naomi Winn November 30, 2015 at 8:32 am

    Hi Lacey,
    I am a mother of a 10 month old and a doula in Sydney Australia and very interested in your blog.
    I was wondering if you could let me know if you know of the supplement called Tranquil Night by Blackmores with herbs – Lavendula angustifolia ( lavender extract) 600mg , Humulus lupulus ( hops) 250 mg, Passiflora incarnata (passionflower)250mg and Avena Saliva ( oats)250mg. I was hoping to find out if all these herbs are fine for breastfeeding? I actually have been taking it for whole time I have been breastfeeding and still taking it as still breastfeeding and have found it effective for sleep but wanting to be sure it’s fine for breastfeeding so that I can share with others. Thanks for your support, Naomi

    • Reply Natureal Mom December 2, 2015 at 4:36 am

      Hi Naomi, Thanks for reaching out! I am not familiar with this supplement and am not a naturopath so I can’t speak to the safety of it, but consulted with a holistic pediatrician who said the following:

      This is an interesting combination of plants. I would not use this as a sleep aid long term while breast feeding (using it 1-2 times a week for occasional insomnia is okay). The Hops, over time can actually affect testosterone and estrogen balance inside the infant, and theoretically influence growth. If the mom has been taking it, she should not very worried. This is just a precaution. Moms with hyperthyroidism should also be careful as the Oats is a thyroid stimulator and can make their thyroid disease worse. The mom can consider an isolated valerian root product and then also take some 5 HTP with B6.

      Hope this helps!

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